Epidemiology Week 8, 2016

WORLD KIDNEY DAY (March 10, 2016)

Theme: Kidney Disease & Children. Act Early to Prevent It!

Kidney disease can affect children in various ways, ranging from treatable disorders without long-term consequences to life-threatening conditions.

Acute kidney disease (AKI) is a serious condition that develops suddenly, often lasts a short time and may disappear completely once the underlying cause has been treated and if the patient receives the needed medical management, but it can also have long-lasting consequences with life-long problems.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) doesn’t disappear with treatment and tends to worsen over time. CKD eventually leads to kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease) and needs to be treated with a kidney transplant or blood-filtering treatments (dialysis) for life.

Acute Kidney Injury or AKI AKI, in children, can be caused by trauma such as burns, dehydration, bleeding, injury or surgery. Trauma can cause very low blood pressure, which in turn can result in insufficient blood supply to the kidneys leading to acute kidney failure.

Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD From birth to age 4, birth defects and hereditary diseases are the leading causes of kidney failure. Between ages 5 and 14, kidney failure is most commonly caused by hereditary diseases, nephrotic syndrome, and systemic diseases. Between ages 15 and 19, diseases that affect the glomeruli are the leading cause of kidney failure.

Children’s kidney diseases are kidney diseases for life. The majority of children with kidney disease progress to end-stage kidney diseases in adulthood.

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