Bulletins

Epidemiology Week 25

Climate change and infectious diseases Today, worldwide, there is an apparent increase in many infectious diseases, including some newly-circulating ones … This reflects the combined impacts of rapid demographic, environmental, social, technological and other changes in our ways-of-living. Climate change will also affect infectious disease occurrence.   Vector-borne and water-borne… Read More



Epidemiology Week 24

WHO 5 Facts on Malaria Malaria is caused by Plasmodiun parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. Of the 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, Plasmodium falciparum is the most deadly. Half of the world’s population is at risk of malaria. Every… Read More



Epidemiology Week 23

Tuberculosis and HIV Tuberculosis (TB) is highly associated with overt HIV disease worldwide. The proportion of TB patients who also have HIV (TB/HIV co-infection) varies from 1% to up to 50-70% and tends to be higher when the prevalence of HIV in the respective country is high. In the absence… Read More



Epidemiology Week 22

Leptospirosis The disease and how it affects people Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects both humans and animals. The early stages of the disease may include high fever, severe headache, muscle pain, chills, and redness in the eyes, abdominal pain, jaundice, haemorrhages in skin and mucous membranes (including pulmonary… Read More



Epidemiology Week 17

Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne disease caused by a protozoan with a broad clinical spectrum and a variety of parasites, reservoirs, and vectors (Phlebotomus flies) involved in its transmission. It is directly linked to poverty but is also influenced by environmental and climactic factors. The cutaneous form causes skin ulcers… Read More