Zika Update as at September 16, 2016

Background

On February 1, 2016 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Zika virus a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. This designation is reserved for public health crises which will have global reach. The first case of zika virus in Jamaica was confirmed on January 29, 2016.

 

Cases of Zika virus in Jamaica

As at September 16, 2016, the Ministry of Health received seven thousand seven hundred and forty one (7,741) notifications for the zika virus of which five thousand eight hundred and thirty eight (5,838) or seventy-five percent (75%) fit the case definition for Zika and were classified as “Suspected Zika”.

 

Geographic spread

There were ninety-one (91) confirmed cases. The confirmed cases were reported from the parishes of St Catherine (13), St Thomas (10), Clarendon (7), St. Mary (3), Kingston & St. Andrew (40), Trelawny (1), St. James (4), Manchester (3), St. Ann (2), Portland (2), Westmoreland (1) and five (5) cases with unknown addresses.

 

Zika and Pregnancy

There were five hundred and thirty nine (539) cases of suspected Zika virus infection in pregnant women reported. Thirty six (36) of these suspected cases have tested positive.

 

Neurological Complications of Zika Virus Infection 

There were one hundred and twenty (120) notifications for Guillain Barre (paralysis) Syndrome (GBS); twenty two (22) of these fit the case definition for GBS based on clinical signs, symptoms and investigation results and were deemed suspected cases. Three (3) were zika positive.